In this weeks video we are looking at the coronavirus you guys have sent me so many messages so many comments and even letters to do a video on this topic and that I am Going to do I am going to give you loads of information about coronavirus it is symptoms how it spread how you can try and prevent it and also The surgical masks do they really work and loads loads more. This is going to be quite a long video So what I am going to do is leave a breakdown in the description below with relevant Timestamps so you can find the information that you require So the coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which cause a range of illnesses that start from a common cold Which we have all pretty much had all the way up to more serious ones which has SARS Now this corona virus is what we call a novel coronavirus So it is a new strain that we have never actually seen in humans before corona viruses a zoonotic This means that they are transmitted between animals and humans However, there are several corona viruses that only infect animals, but if they do cross over if they do infect humans For example the novel coronavirus we are dealing with right now.
This is what we call a spillover event Now before we continue, please remember that this is a developing situation and every day. Were learning more about corona virus So all the information I give to you in this video is relevant and of today on this day right now But as we learn more as a scientific community to learn more all of this information Can potentially change this video was filmed on the 1st of February 2020 all the information and data is from the WHO NHS and public health, England However, this data can change with time as I have just explained so what I will do is I will leave some really useful links by the WHO and NHS all about corona viruses and these websites are constantly updated.
So id highly recommend everyone checks them out So what are the symptoms of corona virus? well It can include any of the following a fever a runny nose a dry cough a sore throat and then it can lead onto Shortness of breath and in some severe cases patients will need hospital treatment. So how severe is it? Well, it really depends at the moment We know that one in five cases can become severe leading to things like pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome Leaving some mechanical ventilation and in some circumstances it can even cause death now We currently know that the novel coronavirus has a mortality rate of 2% This means that 2% of people who have had the novel coronavirus Have sadly died from it where it also means that 98% of people who have had the novel coronavirus Have got better from it which is much less than that Say for example SARS that has a mortality rate of 10% or even Ebola which has a mortality rate of 70% Now is important to remember this is based on the current information that we have There are currently people in hospital receiving treatment for the corona virus So the number could change and it is not an absolute certainty now in terms of treatments Unfortunately, there is no treatment currently for the corona virus.
However, the symptoms can be treated. So each patient will be looked at individually Depending on their symptoms, they will have different treatments for it also Another piece of good news is they are currently working on a vaccine for the corona virus Which is great news currently the risk of getting the illness in the UK is low and the NHS guidance Is that any travelers returning from Wuhan China or from the Hubei province in the last 14 days should stay at home? Stay indoors and avoid contact with other people And please contact NHS 111 and make them aware of your recent travel for those individuals If you do get any symptoms of corona virus that we spoke about earlier such as the fever sore throat short some breath Please avoid other people stay indoors and contact NHS 111 or your doctor surgery for advice Please do not walk in just call them this also applies to anyone returning from any part of China apart from Hong Kong and Macau so if you get symptoms of coronavirus Please stay indoors Avoid other people and call NHS 1 1 1 or you got to surgery please once again do not walk into your doctor surgery Please just call and get more information and advice.
This is all to reduce the spread of the virus And also remember even if your symptoms are mild, please stay indoors and avoid spreading the virus So this means staying at home for at least 14 days after arriving from Wuhan or the Hubei Province or If you have symptoms and you have come from any part of China You need to stay at home for at least 14 days.
And this means you are not gonna have to work Dont go to school do not go to public places And obviously if you need food contact friends or family or delivery drivers to bring it to your house now This is the current guidance from the NHS. However, it can change tomorrow. It can change this week. It can change next month So the best thing to do is to check the dedicated coronavirus website out that the NHS have made it has all the up-to-date information I will leave a link in the description below. So please check it out And also, please remember if you have been in contact with someone who has had a confirmed case of the novel coronavirus Then please call and contact NHS one-on-one or your doctor. So how is coronavirus spread? well we do not know exactly how it is spread from person to person but Similar virus is spread through cough droplets through close contact Now close contact is being closed within 2 metres of someone who is infected for at least 15 minutes But like I said, there is still lots of information that we do not know So for example, how long does it take for the virus to spread? What is the true incubation period so this is the period that you have got the virus, but you do not have any symptoms yet Its thought to be one to two weeks, but we are not sure of this yet And also can the virus be spread when you are asymptomatic Now the WHO recommends standard prevention technique to help reduce the spread So tip number one is to wash your hands regularly throughout the day using soap or water Wash it for at least 20 seconds.
Now if you have not seen the NHS video on how to do it properly Its a really good video. I will leave a link in the description below. Please check it out. Its really useful Also, please remember if you do not have access to water or so You can always use an alcohol hand rub tip number two avoid touching your face as much as you can because our hands they carry so many germs and the way they get in is through Your mucous membranes so through your eyes through your mouth through your nose Thats the way the infections get in so I know it is easy to do when you are thinking And you go into Auto drive and you might touch your face But please try and avoid touching your face as much as you can tip number three Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or when you sneeze and throw it in the bin straight away the viruses Can survive for about 15 minutes on the tissue which is why it is so important you throw it in the bin Straight away on other surfaces like door handles for example The viruses are unlikely to survive more than 24 hours Tip number four try to avoid close contact with anyone who is showing signs of a respiratory illness So if they are coughing if they are sneezing Try to avoid contact with them and try and maintain a gap of at least two metres from them because this is a distance Thats been shown as sneeze or cough can travel tip number five If your feeling unwell stay at home Even if it is something mild like the common cold Just stay at home and reduce the risk of spreading a virus that are the people and keep your community safe Tip number six if you use a public workspace, let us say for example, here.
We all use different rooms all the time So give it a quick wipe down the area that you are going to be using to work It can make a significant difference Also moving on to tip number seven when you are eating meat when you are eating eggs Make sure you are cooking them thoroughly another question many people have asked me is about a surgical face masks and if they can help well I do know that virologists are skeptical about their effectiveness against airborne viruses But there is some evidence to show that they do help prevent hand-to-mouth transition, which we spoke about earlier with regards to mucous membranes However, routine surgical masks, but airborne viruses are not really effective The reason being that they are quite loose-fitting they have no air filter and also they leave your eyes exposed So remember the mucous membranes we spoke about earlier.
Thats an exposed area. The infections can get into you So the best advice I can give everyone is to maintain the hygiene tips that we spoke about earlier I really hope you find this video about coronavirus useful Please remember that there is a lot of information that is false on social media about corona virus so Please always use a reputable source of information for health knowledge such as the NHS public health, England WHO I will be links to all of these in the description below and once again Please remember that. This is a developing situation every day. Were learning more about the corona virus So all the information given in this video is relevant. Look today on this date now Well, as we learn more as a scientific community learns more the information could potentially change this video was filmed on the 1st of February 2020 all the dates and information was from the WHO NHS and public health, England However, this data can change with time as I have just explained so what I will do is I will leave some really useful links in the description below to the WHO and NHS pages all about Coronaviruses they update these pages constantly.